FEPOW Memorial Church


Pictorial Record-Korea

Up Use of POW labour Conditions Geographical Use POW Groups Personal Experiences Pictorial Record-Korea Capt H Singh Extermination Order

A Pictorial Record of the transfer of POWs from Singapore to Chosen, Korea

Taken from “In Defence of Singapore” – A Series of drawings by L/Bdr. A.V.Toze, R.A. and Sgt. S. Strange, The Loyal Regt.

These were a series of contemporary sketches made during the war on scraps of paper, secreted in bamboo tubes and brought back to England after their liberation from Japanese captivity.

Published by T. Snape & Co. Ltd., Preston in 1947 and reproduced by kind permission of the Queen’s Lancashire Regimental Museum.



February 17th, 1942. A 14 mile march found us concentrated in this pleasant spot. Nothing here suggests the flies, the hunger, the suspense, the rising tide of disease, that we associate with the name of Changi Camp.



The Caldecott Working Party, consisting of about 2000 men, cut several miles of road through jungle and swamp, built bridges and shrines. Another party at Kranji was employed on similar work

Transportation to Korea, August, 1942

A party of 1500 POWs, including his Excellency the Governor of Singapore, Sir Shenton Thomas, GOC Gen. Percival and many other high ranking officers, were duly fumigated and crammed aboard a dirty tramp steamer of approximately 3800 tons.

After protesting at the ridiculous attempt to cram everybody aboard, the Governor’s party and some 400 other ranks were transferred to another vessel which conveyed them to Formosa.

The Fukai Maru, with 1100 aboard, sailed in convoy for Fusan, Korea, in a nightmare journey lasting 40 days.

(1) Assembly at Keppel Harbour, Sunday, August 14th

(2) Fumigation bath, aboard Japanese ship

(3) 1500 embark on Fukai Maru

(4) Crushed on shelves, 9ft long, 7ft wide, 4ft 6in high, fifteen men on a shelf, with kit

(5) All ashore to file aboard again for our only meal of the day - rice and stew



(1) Marching in gangs of 200 aboard fumigation ship “They can’t take us to Japan on this barge” we said, and they did not; after fumigation we were marched on to the much smaller vessel in front.

(2) Selling clothes for fruit at Cap St Jacques, Saigon

(3) Waiting to enter Takao Harbour, Formosa, where we spent ten days unloading bauxite and loading rice

(4) Joining convoy off Pescadores, September 10th

(5) Water Spouts, East China Seas, September 18th

(6) Fukai Maru, (Yokohama 1912) - Sectional drawing

Arrival at Fusan, Korea (Chosen)

(1) As we disembarked, we were sprayed with disinfectant. Photographs were taken of us by Jap pressmen from the top of a car which was pushed along by their colleagues

(2) Mustered on the wharf for inspection of kit by “Kempei” Jap Military Police, prior to journey to Keijo

(3) Col. Y Noguchi, Nipponese camp commander, addressing POWs on arrival

(4) After marching around the streets of Fusan and Keijo, between marshalled Korean multitudes, we arrived at Keijo No 1 POW Camp

(5) Rations for 24 hour train journey from Fusan to Keijo

No 1 Japanese POW Camp, Keijo, Korea (Chosen)



(1) Roll call, when British Warrant Officer reported to Jap Orderly officer, accompanied by British Orderly Officer

(2) Immediately after roll call. Breakfast: bowl of rice, bowl of seaweed or bean sprout stew

(3) Work in Winter, often in temperatures of 15°to 25° F (-9° to -4°C), necessitated wearing as much clothing as possible

(4) Home from work to crowd round the stove, thawing out our frozen bread

(5) After roll call, at 8pm, beds were made down and half an hour’s relaxation before “lights out”

(6) Sentries had to patrol the rooms at night to prevent fire. Sleeping head to foot, space was extremely limited. Lice and flies abounded.

Keijo Military Warehouse Job

(1) Winter: untying knots to preserve used straw ropes

(2) Summer: stacking milled rice

(3) Japanese “Kempei” searching POWs for matches etc

(4) Carrying hay on litters, opposite old Russian Embassy

(5) Assembly at tents to smoke. Smoking was permitted at specified places only, both at work and in camp