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Civilian Internees

During the same period, some 200,000 civilians were being sent into internment camps (called Civil Assembly Centres by the Japanese) all over SE Asia. Although they were not subjected to the slave labour regime endured by many servicemen, the mortality rate was much higher than suffered in German Internment camps.

Nationality

Civilian Detainees

Died in Captivity

% Mortality

Dutch & Indo-Dutch

150,000 incl. 50-60,000 Europeans

25,000

17%

British, excl non-European citizens of British colonies

20,000

1,000

5%

American, excl. Philippine nationals

13996

1,536

11%

Australian

870

 

 

Canadian

200

 

 

New Zealand

80

 

 

Philippine Commonwealth citizens

Insufficient data

91,184 civilians died in captivity

 

Source: ABCIFER

Although there were over 300 camps situated all over SE Asia, the main camps were situated in

            Hong Kong                              Stanley

Shanghai Area                         Pootung, Chapei, Lunwha, Ash Camp Yu Yuen Road, Lincoln Avenue, Haiphong Road, Great Western Road, Bridge House (senior civilians and members of Shanghai police)
Upriver from Shanghai             Yangchow A, Yangchow B, Yangchow C (Yangchow A and B were closed shortly after the repatriation of US diplomatic staff, exchanged for Japanese internees)
                                                Yangchow C held mostly British internees, 108 children and 640 Adults, incl. 40 Belgians.  

            Shantung Province Int.           Weihsien      

            Singapore                                until 1943, Changi Jail, then Sime
                                                            Road Camp