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British North Borneo Moluccas - Flores       

Apart from infrastructure repair the primary POW task was the building and repair of forward airfields. Since most were on coral bases, the blinding white reflections caused major sight problems, in addition to the usual hardship of heavy manual work in the tropics. 

The islands were also far from major Japanese supply routes and suffered badly as the tide of war turned. A number of atrocities occurred; the worst of which was at Sandakan where a number of deliberate forced marches caused the death of all but six (all escapees) of 641 British and 1787 Australian POWs.

See: Sandakan a Conspiracy of Silence by Lynette Ramsay Silver