FEPOW Memorial Church

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On 7th March, 1942 Japanese forces, who had landed in Java on 1st March, occupied Batavia, the capital, and 3 days later the Dutch Naval Base at Surabaya and the city of Bandung. Dutch Forces surrendered on March 8th to avoid an aerial massacre of the civilian population. With this, the fighting in Java came to an end. The Dutch lost most of their Navy in trying to prevent Japanese landings, and Japanese air superiority neutralised the Dutch Air Force. The Japanese, who used ten divisions, claimed 93,000 Dutch, and 5,000 British, Australian and American troops as prisoners.

A detailed description of many of the battles fought by Dutch Forces and others can be found at http://www.dutcheastindies.webs.com/