FEPOW Memorial Church



Malaya-Burma-Siam Java-Sumatra Islands Formosa Japan Manchuria/Korea


Burma Siam Railway


This was a strategic cross country connection to join the two existing North-South rail lines in Burma and Siam between Moulmein in Burma  and Nom Pladuk in Siam. The POWs worked in terrible, dense jungle conditions, with primitive equipment, poorly supplied and subjected to inhuman work rates, and tropical disease. The death toll was very high, 13,000 more than 20% of the work force. Of the 250,000 native forces engaged on the railway, the death rates were even higher up to 100,000, but the true number will never be known.

 Only 14months were allocated for this mammoth task which was completed on 25th October, 1943. It is believed that one man died for every 3 metres of the 415 kilometre railway.

See    www.hellfirepass.com/       www.tbrconline.com/


Although civilians and military personnel were housed in separate areas, Changi was the central staging post at the beginning of the war for POWs being transferred to other parts of the Japanese Empire. Internees formed a significant part of the population until 1943 when survivors of the Burma Railway returned.

The civilian Internees were then moved to Sime Road Camp where they spent the rest of the war.

Outram Road

Those tried by Japanese military tribunal for more serious offences, but not executed, were sent back to Outram Road prison on Singapore Island. This mainly consisted of isolation cells under the most stringent of military discipline, run by the Japanese Military Prison Service.

See:   The Railway Man by Eric Lomax    ISBN 0 09 958231 7                                                     pub. 1996  by Jonathan Cape Ltd.




Railway Memorial National Arboretum


Kwai memorial National Memorial














Changi Lychgate National Arboretum

Capt TC Eaton's Letters