only were captured nurses subject to the same discipline and deprivations as the
men, they were also vulnerable as women. There were numerous cases of nurses
being raped, abused, and in some cases, killed afterwards.
See Chapter 7 in Nurses at War by Penny Starns
Published by Sutton Publishing, Stroud. 2000 ISBN
0 7509 2387 3
were other atrocities such as the massacre of 21 Australian Army nurses in March
1942 on the beach at Muntok, Banka Island, and the massacre of hospital staff
and patients at the Alexandra Military Hospital just before the Fall of
Singapore in February 1942.